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E4SMA operates cutting-edge modelling tools enabling us to deliver first-rate solutions. We are also designing national, customized energy systems models.


Full energy system models:

  • TIMES (The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System)
  • OSeMOSYS (OpenSource energy MOdelling SYStem)
  • TEMOA (Tools for Energy Model Optimization and Analysis)
  • LEAP (Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning)


Power system models:

  • Irena Flextool (International Renewable Energy Agency Flextool)
  • PyPSA (Python for Power System Analysis)
  • Calliope
  • Balmorel (Partial equilibrium model for analyzing the electricity and combined heat and power sectors)


Land-use models:

  • MAgPIE (Model of Agricultural Production and its Impact on the Environment)


National, customized energy systems models

E4SMA has developed or supported the development of a large number of national, customized energy systems models, covering countries in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. In general, we have developed the models using the TIMES modelling framework. They are characterized by high technology granularity and time resolution.

The models focused on the following countries:

  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Portugal
  • France
  • Germany
  • Ireland
  • Denmark
  • Turkey
  • Viet Nam
  • Singapore
  • Mexico
  • Argentina
  • Chile
  • Brazil
  • Peru
  • Costa Rica
  • Guatemala
  • Panama