Tel. (+39) 011.225.7351 e4sma@e4sma.com
Global models

Global models

E4SMA has developed a global, multi-regional energy systems model optimized for customization. Also, we are expert users of the ETSAP-TIAM global model. Our basic model fully relies on open-source data and has open access. We have also developed customized versions...
Regional Models

Regional Models

E4SMA has developed or co-developed several regional models. We partnered in the development of the EU-TIMES model, and we developed the Central Asian Caspian region, the TIMES-CAC. This model covers Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.  The EU-TIMES​...
Research projects and supervision

Research projects and supervision

As leading experts on strategic energy planning, energy systems analysis, and energy systems modelling, E4SMA is partnering in major, innovative research projects. We are also active members of expert networks. Additionally, E4SMA regularly provides supervision to...
City models

City models

E4SMA has partnered in the development of four integrated city energy system models. The models cover Cesena (Italy), Évora (Portugal), Nottingham (UK), and Trikala (Greece). The models are multiregional and were developed using the TIMES modelling framework. The time...